Today’s the age of interactive websites and mobile applications. Every company is looking for the edge to out-compete their opponents. Website and mobile applications are the two pillars of businesses in the current day and age. Thanks to the rise of website and mobile application development companies, you have a plethora of options to choose from.
What is PHP?
PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor) is a widely-used open-source server-side scripting language that is especially suited for web development and can easily be embedded in HTML. PHP was created in 1994 by Rasmus Lerdorf. It is used to create dynamic web pages and can be used in combination with various web template systems, web content management systems, and web frameworks. PHP code can be executed on the server, and the output is then sent to the client as plain HTML. Many developers consider it to be the best backend development language for web development.
Features of PHP
Let’s look at some of the features of PHP that will come in handy while developing your website project.
1. Open Source
PHP is open-source, which means that is free to use and distribute, and the source code is available to anyone to modify and improve. This is beneficial for small businesses or individual developers who may not have the budget for expensive commercial software.
2. Server-side Scripting
PHP is a server-side scripting language, which means that the code is executed on the server before the result is sent to the client’s web browser. It’s great for security as sensitive information such as database passwords can be kept on the server and exposed to the client.
3. Embedded in HTML
This feature allows developers to create dynamic web pages by mixing static HTML code with dynamic PHP code. When a web server receives a request for an HTML file with embedded PHP code, it will first process the PHP code before sending the final output to the client’s web browser. It allows developers to create web pages that can change based on user input, server-side data, or other factors, without the need for the client’s web browsers to have special capabilities.
4. Database Connectivity
PHP has built-in support for many popular databases like MySQL, PostgreSQL, and Oracle. This allows developers to easily connect and interact with databases. It enables PHP to perform various database operations such as inserting, updating, deleting, and retrieving data from a database.
5. Large Community
PHP has a large and active community of developers, which means there are countless resources available for learning the language, and getting help when needed. You can use forums and groups to ask the community for help if you are stuck with anything.
6. Cross-platform Compatibility
The backend development language is compatible with many different operating systems, including Windows, Linux, and macOS, making it a versatile choice for web development. This means that a PHP application developed on a Windows machine can also run on a Linux or macOS server, and vice versa.
Advantages Of Using PHP
- PHP has several frameworks that can be used to speed up development and improve code maintainability.
- PHP has a large number of in-built functions that can be used for a variety of tasks.
- PHP has a relatively simple syntax, making it easy for new developers to learn and start using.
- PHP is designed to be lightweight and fast, making it well-suited for high-traffic websites.
- PHP is widely supported by many web hosting providers, making it easy to deploy.
Disadvantages Of Using PHP
- PHP has limited support for certain data types and structures such as unsigned integers, which can make certain types of programming more difficult.
- PHP does not have built-in support for multithreading, which can make it difficult to take full advantage of multicore processors.
- PHP has a large number of in-built functions, but the names and parameters of these functions can be inconsistent, making it difficult to remember how to use them.
Note: Some of the above points might not be considered demerits to some developers and it also depends on the project and its requirements.
What is Python?
Python is a high-level, interpreted, general-purpose programming language that was created by Guido Van Rossum in the late 1980s and was released in 1991. It is a versatile and powerful language that is widely used for web development, scientific computing, data analysis, AI, and a wide variety of tasks.
Features of Python
Let’s look at some of the features of Python programming language:
Python is an interpreted language, which means that the code is executed line by line, rather than being compiled into machine code before execution. This allows for faster development and testing, as there is no need to wait for the code to be compiled.
It is an object-oriented language, which means that it is based on the concept of objects and classes. This allows for encapsulation and abstraction of data and function, making it easier to organize and reuse code.
3. Large Standard Library
Python has a large standard library that includes modules for common programming tasks such as connecting to web servers, reading and writing files, and working with data. This makes it easy to perform common tasks without having to write additional code.
4. Automatic Memory Management
Python has built-in memory management, which automatically manages the allocation and deallocation of memory. This eliminates the need for manual memory management, which can be error-prone, and time-consuming.
5. Support For Multiple Programming Paradigms
Python supports multiple programming paradigms such as imperative, procedural, functional, and object-oriented programming. This allows developers to choose the most appropriate paradigm for their tasks and to switch between them easily.
6. Large Community
Python has a large and active community of developers, which means that there are many resources available for learning the language and getting help when needed. This community is constantly working on developing new libraries, tools, and frameworks which makes it easier for developers to accomplish their tasks.
Advantages of Using Python
- Python is easy to learn and has simple and readable syntax.
- Python has a large standard library that includes modules for common programming tasks.
- Python is versatile and can be used for web development, scientific computing, data analysis, artificial intelligence, and more.
- Python has a variety of libraries and frameworks available for different tasks.
- Python has good performance and can handle a large number of users and requests.
Disadvantages of Using Python
- Python’s dynamic nature can make code less efficient and add runtime overhead.
- It is not suitable for memory-intensive tasks or real-time systems.
- It has inconsistent naming conversions in the standard library.
- Its database access layer is somewhat underdeveloped and immature.
- Its error handling is somewhat inconsistent, making it difficult to debug.
It is an event-driven language, which means that it can respond to events such as user input, page loads, and other interactions. This makes it well-suited for creating interactive and dynamic user interfaces.
3. Client-side Scripting
4. Asynchronous Programming
5. Support For Functional Programming
It has support for functional programming and it is increasingly used being used to develop functional-style code, making it easy to handle complex application logic.
- It provides a rich interface for developers to create catchy and eye-candy webpages and websites.
- It’s simple to use and learn.
- It improves website and application performance by reducing the size of the code.
Easy to Use
All three programming languages are easy to use but Python is often considered the easiest programming language to learn and use due to its simple and readable syntax. It is also many people’s first programming language because of its simplicity and ease to understand. PHP is the tough guy among the three. It needs some time to perfect the language and use it on daily basis.
We have highlighted some key advantages and disadvantages of all three programming languages used for building websites and applications. Make sure you choose precisely and don’t regret it in the development phase.
Are you planning to build a website for your website or update your existing one? If yes, iClickSee is the best place to contact. You can get in touch with us via our online form or simply schedule a call with us to discuss your project.